By Sihem Tebbani,Rayen Filali,Filipa Lopes,Didier Dumur,Dominique Pareau
Due to the results of globa l warming and important greenhouse gasoline emissions, a number of rules were studied to lessen those emissions or to signify solut ions for pollutant remov al. the main promising principles are decreased intake, waste restoration and waste remedy by means of organic platforms. during this latter class, experiences have validated that using microalgae is a really promising answer for the biofixation of carbon dioxide. in reality, those micro-organisms may be able to offset excessive degrees of CO2 due to photosynthesis. Microalgae also are utilized in numerous fields (food undefined, fertilizers, biofuel, etc.). to acquire a n optimum C O2 sequestration us ing micr oal gae, their cul tivatio n should be c arried ou t in a f avorable e nvironment, akin to optimum working stipulations (temperature, foodstuff, pH, mild, etc.). hence, microalgae are grown in an enclosure, i.e. photobioreactors, which particularly function in non-stop mode. this sort of closed reactor significantly allows us to minimize tradition illness, to enhance CO2 move and to raised regulate the cultivation approach. This final element comprises the legislation of concentrations (biomass, substrate or spinoff) as well as traditional rules (pH, temperature).
To do that, we need to identify a version of the process and to spot its parameters; to install position estimators that allows you to rebuild variables that aren't measured on-line (software sensor); and eventually to enforce a keep watch over legislations, to be able to retain the approach in optimum stipulations regardless of modeling mistakes and environmental disturbances that could have a power at the process (pH adaptations, temperature, mild, biofilm visual appeal, etc.).
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CO2 Biofixation by Microalgae: Modeling, Estimation and Control (Focus) by Sihem Tebbani,Rayen Filali,Filipa Lopes,Didier Dumur,Dominique Pareau